As bronze always had a significant scrap value very few original bronzes have survived, though in recent years marine archaeology or trawling has added a few spectacular finds, such as the Artemision Bronze and Riace bronzes, which have significantly extended modern understanding.Many copies of the Roman period are marble versions of works originally in bronze.
Smaller works were in a great variety of materials, many of them precious, with a very large production of terracotta figurines.
The territories of ancient Greece, except for Sicily and southern Italy, contained abundant supplies of fine marble, with Pentelic and Parian marble the most highly prized, along with that from modern Prilep in North Macedonia, and various sources in modern Turkey.
The centaur has an intentional mark on its knee, which has led researchers to postulate that the statue might portray Cheiron, presumably kneeling wounded from Herakles' arrow. 700 BC) were chiefly terra cotta figurines, bronzes, and ivories.
If so, it would be the earliest known depiction of myth in the history of Greek sculpture. The bronzes are chiefly tripod cauldrons, and freestanding figures or groups.
Such bronzes were made using the lost-wax technique probably introduced from Syria, and are almost entirely votive offerings left at the Hellenistic civilization Panhellenic sanctuaries of Olympia, Delos, and Delphi, though these were likely manufactured elsewhere, as a number of local styles may be identified by finds from Athens, Argos, and Sparta.
Typical works of the era include the Karditsa warrior (Athens Br.Seeing their gods as having human form, there was little distinction between the sacred and the secular in art—the human body was both secular and sacred.A male nude of Apollo or Heracles had only slight differences in treatment to one of that year's Olympic boxing champion.It was not until published findings by German archaeologist Vinzenz Brinkmann in the late 20th and early 21st century that the painting of ancient Greek sculptures became an established fact.Using high-intensity lamps, ultraviolet light, specially designed cameras, plaster casts, and certain powdered minerals, Brinkmann proved that the entire Parthenon, including the actual structure as well as the statues, had been painted.Ordinary limestone was used in the Archaic period, but thereafter, except in areas of modern Italy with no local marble, only for architectural sculpture and decoration.Plaster or stucco was sometimes used for the hair only.The inscription is a declaration of the statuette to Apollo, followed by a request for favors in return.Apart from the novelty of recording its own purpose, this sculpture adapts the formulae of oriental bronzes, as seen in the shorter more triangular face and slightly advancing left leg.The collection made its American debut at Harvard University in the Fall of 2007.Brinkmann said that "no other aspect of the art of antiquity is as little understood as is the polychrome painting of temples and sculptures", and that modern sculptures, ostensibly inspired by the Greeks but left unpainted, are "something entirely new".