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If you imagine a synthesis essay as a room in which the synthesis writer is joined by the authors of her/his sources, the 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 essay has everyone engaged in conversation or debate, with everyone commenting on (or arguing against) each other's ideas directly.In the 2.5 and below essay, each person in the room stands up in turn, gives a speech, and sits down, with little or no question and answer period in between or afterward.4.A 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 paper will create a "dialogue" between the essay author's ideas and her sources, and also among the sources themselves.
Two types of syntheses Standards for synthesis essays How to write synthesis essays Techniques for developing synthesis essays Thesis statements, introductions, conclusions, and quotations WHAT IS A SYNTHESIS?
A synthesis is a written discussion that draws on one or more sources.
PURPOSE Your purpose in reading source materials and then in drawing upon them to write your own material is often reflected in the wording of an assignment.
For example, your assignment may ask that you evaluate a text, argue a position on a topic, explain cause and effect relationships, or compare and contrast items.
USING YOUR SOURCES Your purpose determines not only what parts of your sources you will use but also how you will relate them to one another.
Ap English Language And Composition Synthesis Essay Outline
Since the very essence of synthesis is the combining of information and ideas, you must have some basis on which to combine them.It will frequently be helpful for your readers if you provide at least partial summaries of sources in your synthesis essays.At the same time, you must go beyond summary to make judgments - judgments based, of course, on your critical reading of your sources - as you have practiced in your reading responses and in class discussions.Your purpose in writing (based on your assignment) will determine how you relate your source materials to one another.Your purpose in writing determines which sources you use, which parts of them you use, at which points in your essay you use them, and in what manner you relate them to one another.The skills you've already been practicing in this course will be vital in writing syntheses.Clearly, before you're in a position to draw relationships between two or more sources, you must understand what those sources say; in other words, you must be able to summarize these sources.In fact, if you've written research papers, you've already written syntheses.In an academic synthesis, you make explicit the relationships that you have inferred among separate sources.Is the information in source B, for example, an extended illustration of the generalizations in source A?Would it be useful to compare and contrast source C with source B?