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The writer will now set to prove his/her claim using evidence from the text.Within the body of the essay, one may focus on an aspect of the poem that serves to supports the essay's theme.
For example, one may choose to describe the image of human suffering that is portrayed throughout the poem through the rise and fall of meter throughout the poem: “Begin, and cease, and then again begin, / With tremulous cadence slow, and bring / The eternal note of sadness in” (Arnold, 1867).
Here, the rise and fall of meter mimics the ebb and flow of the tide, which parallels the theme of the poem, the endless flow of human suffering.
Choose the most important that support your argument (the pros) and the most important to refute (the cons) and focus on them. Choose the one that you find most effective for your argument.
Do you find it better to “sell” your argument first and then present the counter arguments and refute them?
He/she must persuade the reader of his/her point regarding the text through the interpretation of gathered evidence from the text. An evaluation of the explicit and implicit assumptions the author of the original text makes and how these assumptions create other implied arguments within the text. An explanation of any inherent contradictions within the text.
These contradictions can be caused by the author's unwarranted assumptions about his audience or assumptions about the world that are contradictory to that of the analyst.
Peripheral information could include, but is not limited to, the historical background of the text or some brief biographical information regarding the author.
It is important to include this information because it will establish a point of view for the reader.
To do this effectively, one must use evidence from the text to explore all sides of his/her argument regarding the text and ultimately, support his/her claim.
The analytical essay is usually broken up into sections.