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The average annual production of rice rose from 35.1 million tonnes in the Third Plan to 87.3 million tonnes in the Ninth Plan. (ii) Scientific Cultivation: A very important effect of Green Revolution is that traditional agricultural inputs and practices have given way to new and scientific practices.
(vi) Change in Attitudes: A healthy contribution of green revolution is the change in the attitudes of farmers.
Our farmers have now begun to think that they can change their misfortunes by adopting new technology.
The seven selected districts were West Godavari (AP), Shahabad (Bihar), Raipur (Chhattisgarh), Thanjavaur (T. This new ‘agriculture strategy’ was put into practice for the first time in India in the Kharif season of 1966 and was termed HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIEIS PROGRAMME (HYVP).
This programme was introduced in the form of a package programme since it depended crucially on regular and adequate irrigation, fertilizers, high yielding varieties of seeds, pesticides and insecticides.
The team submitted its report entitled India’s Food Crisis and Steps to Meet It. This report suggested the means of improving production and productivity of the country with stress on modern inputs, especially fertilizers, credit, marketing facilities etc. As a result of high-yielding varieties of wheat the production of wheat rose to high level of 5000 to 6000 kg.
On the basis of the recommendation of this team Government introduced Intensive Area Development Programme (l ADP) in 1960 in seven selected districts. These seeds required proper irrigation facilities and extensive use of fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides.
Instead of farm seeds, farmers are now using HYV seeds.
Traditional fertilizers are replaced by chemical fertilizers.
The onset of this period is mostly attributed to the development of Bessemer steel, which occurred in the 1860s.
During the second industrialization, many countries also adopted industrial practices.