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Last name, first initial., Last name, first initial., Last name, first initial., and Last name, first initial. When citing a single chapter in a larger book, it is important to ensure that you add the page range (pp.) that the chapter spans. They should be listed in chronological order of publication. Citations for Journal Articles accessed on a website or database In-text citations for an online journal article remain unchanged from the way you would cite a print article. Citations for Newspaper Articles – Print or Online: Newspaper citations are rendered similarly to journal articles when they are found online; the same differences in formatting occur, as the example below illustrates.
] media].] [city, state using the two letter postal abbreviation without periods: publisher.] Chicago: 27. #.] [author last name,] [”title.”] [Shortened Chicago reference; see More Notes on Chicago Style for more information.] Citing CD-ROMs is probably most similar to citing an article in a book.
Both call for author, article or section title, title of the larger work, and date of publication.
Both MLA and APA style expect that you identify the medium of recorded sources (in this case, CD-ROM) in your listing.
.] [Shortened Chicago reference; see More Notes on Chicago Style for more information.] Conventions for citing film and video productions are less fixed than those for print and even many online sources. #.] [artist,] [“title.”] [Shortened Chicago reference; see More Notes on Chicago Style for more information.] Conventions for citing music and sound recordings are less fixed than those for print and even many online sources.
Learn how to reference in the Harvard style of academic citation with the detailed guide below.[[
Alternatively, if you are looking for our Harvard Reference Generator then click on the button below: Harvard Reference Generator Example Harvard Style Essay There are two types of citation in Harvard referencing: in-text citations, which are found in the main body of the work and contain a fraction of the full bibliographical information, and reference lists, which are located at the end of the main work and list full information for all sources mentioned within the work.
A solid basic format includes title, director’s name, and the name of one or two lead performers. If you’re working from a video, DVD, or Blu-ray, MLA style adds the words “Videocassette,” “DVD,” or “Blu-ray,” followed by the release date of the video. This is especially true of MLA style, which will be more common in courses that ask you to analyze movies. Your citation should always include the same basic elements (as described below), but their order can vary—especially concerning the first item listed. Note that APA style includes the city and state where the program was aired, because some programs are modified for different markets. A solid basic format includes the artist’s name, the title of the piece, and the title of the longer work (if you cite one song from an album or CD).
For films accessed on the internet, MLA style includes the sponsoring site, the word “Web,” and date of access (e.g. If you focus primarily on one person’s work in the film, you may decide to list by that person’s name, followed by an abbreviation of their role. A solid basic format includes title, writer’s name, director’s name, and perhaps the name of one or two lead performers. But because academic essays may focus on different aspects of a radio or television production, citation conventions can vary. Also include the production company and release date.
While there are some stylistic and institutional variations, Harvard usually follows the format specified in this guide.
In a reference list, sources are listed alphabetically by author's surname.