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All sides of an argument must be clearly explained, to avoid bias, and areas of agreement and disagreement should be highlighted.A literature review is likewise not a collection of quotes and paraphrasing from other sources.
This will give you and your reader an overview of the significant literature published on a topic. Determine the topic or field that is being examined and its components or issues. Find materials relevant to the subject being explored. Evaluate the data to determine which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. Separate out those materials which contain the best argument or those that are the most convincing of their opinions and which make the greatest contribution to the understanding and development of their area of research. Choosing works by experts in their field gives authority to the materials.
Ask yourself, are the author's arguments supported by evidence (e.g.
Otherwise, this is usually perceived as being a little lazy, and it is better to organize the review around ideas and individual points.
As a general rule, especially for a longer review, each paragraph should address one point, and present and evaluate all of the available evidence, from all possible differing points of view.
The first goal of a literature search is to ensure that you are aware of other research in your field.
The goal is to become familiar with the knowledge base of scientific information on the topic so that 1) you can understand the topic and its major concepts; 2) you can place your research in context and 3) you can further develop your own ideas.Whilst some literature reviews can be presented in a chronological order, this is best avoided.For example, a review of Victorian Age Physics may certainly present J. Thomson’s famous experiments in a chronological order.Ask yourself: Determine, if possible, the value of the work.Consider comparing and contrasting each work to others under consideration.Resolve any conflicts amongst seemingly contradictory previous studies.Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort. The literature review does not present new primary scholarship, but it does allow you to place each work in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the subject under review.The next stage is to use the internet, and this is where the difficulties begin.It’s challenging to judge the credibility of an online paper.It can be helpful to structure your internet research as if it were conducted on paper.Bookmark papers, which may be relevant, in one folder and make another subfolder for a ‘shortlist.’ Conducting a good literature review takes patience and is a matter of practice.