Labio analyzes the views held by a variety of European thinkers—including Baumgarten, Condillac, Descartes, Kant, Locke, Rousseau, Adam Smith, Vico, and Edward Young—on the origins of ideas, languages, nations, nature, and wealth.
Kevin Hart argues that, contrary to popular thought on the topic, deconstruction does not have an antitheological agenda.
Rather, deconstruction seeks to question the metaphysics of any theology.
Much of the difficulty is owed to a general failure among scholars to consider how history, philosophy, and politics work together.
Rethinking the Enlightenment bridges these disciplinary divides.
He doubted, for example, that the human eye makes naturally correct judgments about the shapes, sizes, positions, and distances of objects.
Examining the knowledge gained by each sense separately, he concluded that all human knowledge is transformed sensation, to the exclusion of any other principle, such as , all sensation is affective, that is, causes pain or pleasure.This work, first published in 1746 and offered here in a new translation, is a highly influential work in the history of philosophy of mind and language, and anticipates Wittgenstein's views on language and its relation to mind and thought.One of the most persistent, troubling, and divisive of the ideological divisions within modernity is the struggle over the Enlightenment and its legacy.He regarded reflection as the product of sensation, especially the sensation of touch.Condillac form of sensationism, held that all knowledge comes from the senses. What epistemic assumptions framed eighteenth-century thinkers' speculations regarding origins? The best way to understand the Enlightenment's obsession with origins is to study it in conjunction with the contemporary conceptualization of originality as a criterion of aesthetic value, Catherine Labio maintains.Her expansive survey of the era's thought places special emphasis on epistemology and is genuinely interdisciplinary, drawing on such fields as anthropology, geometry, historiography, literary criticism, and political economy.Regarding language, Condillac’s depicted it as a vehicle for transforming the senses into mental objects. He believed that language was structured in the same way as thought. Condillac is best known for two of his philosophical works, both on the role of sensation and experience in the development of cognition. "In selecting the subjects of the Essays contained in the First Part of this volume, I have had a view chiefly to the correction of some mistaken opinions concerning the origin of our Knowledge (or, to use the more common phraseology, concerning the origin of our Ideas) which, as they are naturally suggested by certain figurative modes of speaking, sanctioned by the highest authorities, are apt to warp the judgment in studying the most elementary principles of abstract science.The Essays which fill up the rest of the volume have no necessary dependence on the disquisitions to which they are subjoined; and may perhaps be read with some interest by readers who have little relish for scholastic controversy* The choice, however, even of these, was not altogether arbitrary ; as, I trust, will appear evident to such as may honour the whole series with an attentive perusal"--Book.