The first stage in reading critically is to exercise care in the information you use - how trustworthy is it? What are the conclusions, and are they supported by the evidence?It may be possible to present what appears to be flawless research, which may yet not justify the conclusions.The activity took about 20 mins and the vast majority found out if the photo is authentic or photoshopped.
This is because academic discourse is based according to key principles which are described as follows by Northedge (2005): Critical and analytical thinking should be applied at all points in academic study - to selecting information, reading, writing, speaking and listening.
Of these, learning to read and evaluate information critically is perhaps the most important skill, which if acquired can then be applied to other areas.
This is an activity I tried with my students a day before Christmas holidays.
I asked them to read the instructions and use their devices to plan the holiday.
No analysis, no comparison, no effort to read further about the issue.
Just the reproduction of stereotypes and theories - most of them discredited by statistics of prestigious organizations.
They are brainwashed and often led to believe that by purchasing consumer goods or services they can achieve or become anything they dream of with the touch of a magic "wand".
As a teacher, following the current teaching trends, I felt that my teaching should be more personalized (the term used in its EFL meaning) and learner centred; involve students and allow them to use their creativity and critical thinking skills.
In the first case, you are thinking reactively and in the second, you are thinking critically.
An allied skill is the ability to analyse – that is, to read or listen for the following points: The key to critical thinking is to develop an impersonal approach which looks at arguments and facts and which lays aside personal views and feelings.