The many competing interests and commitments include work, studies, family/partner, friends, social life and other hobbies/sports Within the athlete's sport, commitment can be undermined by: Setting goals with the athlete will raise their feelings of value, give them joint ownership of the goals and therefore become more committed to achieving them. Many people (coach, medical support team, manager, friends, etc) can contribute to an athlete's levels of commitment with appropriate levels of support and positive feedback, especially during times of injury, illness and poor performance.
The purpose of the study was to create a questionnaire to identify underlying dimensions of athletes' attitudes toward seeking sport psychology consultation.
Sports performance depends on the athlete being fully committed to numerous goals over many years.
In competition with these goals, the athlete will have many aspects of daily life to manage.
A total of 1138 athletes (625 males, 513 females) representing 36 sports from four levels of participation were used to develop the Sport Psychology Attitudes Questionnaire (SPAQ).
In Study I, exploratory factor analysis produced a two-factor solution that accounted for 37.1% of the overall variance: (a) belief in the credibility of sport psychology (14 items) and (b) preference for similarity with a sport psychology consultant (SPC) (7 items). This dissertation is part of the collection entitled: UNT Theses and Dissertations and was provided by UNT Libraries to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries.For each of these goals, the athlete can use a trigger word (a word which instantly refocuses the athlete's concentration to the goal) e.g.sprinting technique requires the athlete to focus on being tall, relaxed, smooth and to drive with the elbows - trigger word could be "technique" Athletes will develop a routine for competition that may include the night before, the morning, pre-competition, competition and post-competition routines.Concentration, confidence, control and commitment (the 4C's) are generally considered the main mental qualities that are important for successful performance in most sports.The techniques of relaxation, centering and mental imagery can assist an athlete to achieve the 4C's.Anxiety comes in two forms - Physical (butterflies, sweating, nausea, needing the toilet) and Mental (worry, negative thoughts, confusion, lack of concentration).Relaxation is a technique that can be used to reduce anxiety.This has led coaches to take an increasing interest in the field of sports psychology and in particular in the area of competitive anxiety.That interest has focused on techniques that athletes can use in the competitive situation to maintain control and optimise their performance.An athlete's ability to maintain control of their emotions in the face of adversity and remain positive is essential to successful performance.Two emotions that are often associated with poor performance are anxiety and anger.