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Mukteswar, following Eknath's trend, has translated Mahabharatha into Marathi. Christapurana, a work composed by the Christian missionary Father Stephens (1549-1619) is another masterpiece of Marathi literature.
Three Prakrit languages, simpler in structure, emerged from Sanskrit. Marathi is said to be a descendent of Maharashtri which was the Prakrit spoken by people residing in the region of Maharashtra.
It was an official language of the Satavahana Empire.
Tukaram (1608-1651) was the greatest saint-poet of Marathi, who wrote over 3000 abhangas. Khandekar Sane Guruji, Kusumvati Deshpande, Kamalabai Tilak are the prominent novelists of the Marathi language.
Poet Ramdas (1608-1681), in the footsteps of Tukaram has rendered, inspiring literary works such as Dasabodh and Manache Shlok in an enriched literary language. In the field of short story, Diwakar Krishna, H N Apte and V S Gurjar are the renowned writers.
Standard Marathi is the official language of the State of Maharashtra and co-official language in the union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar haveli.
In Goa, though Konkani is the sole official language, Marathi also is permitted to be used for all official purposes.During the period from 1794 to 1818, old Marathi literature gave way to entry of Modern Marathi literature. Joshi, Vinda Karandikar, Vasant Bapat and Shanta Shelke are some of other the well-known names of the last phase of the Modern Period of Marathi literature. Mahipati Buva Tahrabadkar (1715-1790), Niranjana Madhava (1703-1790) and Moropant (1729-1794) were the great writers of this period. Marathi literature in the field of drama saw an opening with Vishnudas Bhave's work. Kirloskar (Saubhadra, Sakuntala and Ramarajaya-Viyoga), G B Deval (Sharada), R G Gadkari (Ekach Pyala), Mama Warerkar (Apporva Bangal) and P L Deshpande (Amaldar) are some great Marathi dramatists. Hari Narayan Apte's (1864-1919) Madhali Sthiti was the first novel to be published in Marathi followed by his other important novels, Ushankala, Mi and Pan Lakshat Kon Gheto. Marathi is the language spoken primarily by the native people of Maharashtra, a state of Indian sub continent.There are about 90 million people who speak Marathi worldwide.The Constitution of India recognizes Marathi as one of India's 22 official languages. The Marathi literature can be grouped into two ages: Ancient or Old Marathi literature (1000-1800 AD) and Modern Marathi Literature (1800 onwards).Apart from almost all universities in Maharashtra State, the universities in other states such as Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (Gujarat), Osmania University (Andhra Pradesh), Gulbarga university (Karnataka), Devi Ahilya University of Indore and Goa University (Panaji) share the credit of having special departments for higher studies in Marathi linguistics. the literary inscription discovered at the foot of the statue at Shravanabelgola in Karnataka around 983 C. The old Marathi literature mainly consisted of devotional, narrative and pessimistic poetries without satire, parody, irony and humor.Like the corresponding periods in other Indian languages, this was the period dominated by English- educated intellectuals.In the beginning of the 20th century, Marathi literature and drama well flourished.Dnyaneshwar created Bhawarthadeepika which is also popularly known as Dnyaneshwari, a 9000-couplets on Bhagavad Gita. Lila Charitra (1273), Govinda Prabhu Charitra and Siddhanta Sutra Patha are considered as the other important works of Mahanubhava writers.Eknath is a great Warkari saint-poet and his Eknath's Ekanathi Bhagavata is a literary masterpiece of Marathi literature.