Set in 16th century New England, the book starts with the public punishment of Hester Prynne, a convicted adulterer.
One of the most complex and misunderstood symbols in the book is Hesters illegitimate daughter, Pearl.
With the course of time, the same symbol which signified adultery, transforms into something holy.
It resembles the cross on the nun’s chest that would protect its bearer from everything. Another significant symbol in the story is a prison door. This door is made of iron, studded with iron spikes and looks very old and rusty.
In conclusion, Pearl was a source of many different kinds of symbolism.
From being a rose, to representing the scarlet letter A, she was a burden, yet consolation for Hester.
Being a hardworking and noble woman, she manages to change the meaning of the letter.
People are reluctant to interpret it as a sign of her sin, but rather consider it a sign of her abilities, and say that A stands for Able.
In such a way, she takes control over her punishment, and does not let it humiliate her.
This letter is a proof of her talent and mastery; it shows that she has good sewing skills which help her earn her living as a single mother.