Report broken link Two atomic bombs which were dropped on Japan Maximum temperature of "Little Boy" at burst point: several million degrees centigrade.
A fireball of 15-meters radius formed in 0.1 millisecond, with a temperature of 300,000 degrees centigrade.
For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life.
First, an Allied demand for an immediate unconditional surrender was made to the leadership in Japan.
Even the scientific community failed to foresee the awful effects of Dresden or Tokyo.
The ethical debate over the decision to drop the atomic bomb will never be resolved.Regardless, on August 6, 1945, a plane called the This map shows the range of the destruction caused by the atomic bomb dropped over Hiroshima.Exploding directly over a city of 320,000, the bomb vaporized over 70,000 people instantly and caused fires over two miles away., where 80,000 Japanese people perished. Critics have charged that Truman's decision was a barbaric act that brought negative long-term consequences to the United States.American soldiers and civilians were weary from four years of war, yet the Japanese military was refusing to give up their fight.American forces occupied Okinawa and Iwo Jima and were intensely fire bombing Japanese cities." It is a question still being addressed on a daily basis.Atomic Bomb: Decision (Hiroshima-Nagasaki)Find short, descriptive links to many of the important documents surrounding the decision to use the atomic bomb on Japan here.Prolonging the war was not an option for the President.Over 3,500 Japanese kamikaze raids had already wrought great destruction and loss of American lives.The Soviet Union had entered the war against Japan, and the atomic bomb could be read as a strong message for the Soviets to tread lightly.In this respect, Hiroshima and Nagasaki may have been the first shots of the Cold War as well as the final shots of World War II.