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For instance, some journals such as , and others typically publish full-length review articles. Alternatively, you may be expected to include a literature review as part of a larger research paper (such as part of an Honors Thesis).
These may differ in the way prior research is reviewed as well as the way in which the literature review is organized.
Examples of stylistic variations in literature reviews include: Overall, all literature reviews, whether they are written as a part of a larger work or as separate articles unto themselves, have a common feature: they do not present new research; rather, they provide When writing a literature review, it can be helpful to rely on the following steps.
Literature reviews are also common in a research proposal or prospectus (the document that is approved before a student formally begins a dissertation or thesis).
A fourth type, the systematic review, is often classified separately, but is essentially a literature review focused on a research question, trying to identify, appraise, select and synthesize all high-quality research evidence and arguments relevant to that question.
Published books may also be helpful, but keep in mind that peer-reviewed articles are widely considered to be the “gold standard” of scientific research.
Read through titles and abstracts, select and obtain articles (that is, download, copy, or print them out), and save your searches as needed.Literature reviews are a basis for research in nearly every academic field.A narrow-scope literature review may be included as part of a peer-reviewed journal article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader.However, it is also where you get to learn about the topic in great detail. You should look over your notes (it may also be helpful to reorganize them), and as you do, to think about how you will present this research in your literature review. Are you going to use a chronological or in which prior research is described sufficiently to explain critical findings but does not include a high level of detail (if readers want to learn about all the specific details of a study, then they can look up the references that you cite and read the original articles themselves).For more details about taking notes, please see the “Reading Sources and Taking Notes” section of the Finding Scholarly References page of this website. However, the degree of emphasis that is given to individual studies may vary (more or less detail may be warranted depending on how critical or unique a given study was).Please note that these procedures are not necessarily only for writing a literature review that becomes part of a larger article; they can also be used for writing a full-length article that is itself a literature review (although such reviews are typically more detailed and exhaustive; for more information please refer to the Further Resources section of this page).Steps for Writing a Literature Review The topic, which is commonly a research question (or problem) of some kind, needs to be identified and defined as clearly as possible.The process of reviewing the literature requires different kinds of activities and ways of thinking.Shields and Rangarajan (2013) and Granello (2001) link the activities of doing a literature review with Benjamin Bloom’s revised taxonomy of the cognitive domain (ways of thinking: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating).In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work.Producing a literature review may also be part of graduate and post-graduate student work, including in the preparation of a thesis, dissertation, or a journal article.