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Despite the number of efforts was made in order to limit the negative impact of war on the ecology, this still does not help much.The damage brought to animals during the war became the subject of attention during the Vietnam War.During that time a log of animals suffered because of chemical defoliation in Vietnam forests.
Despite the uncertainty surrounding the size of the spill, figures place it 5 to 27 times the size (in gallons spilled) of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, and more than twice the size of the 1979 Ixtoc I blow-out in the Gulf of Mexico (Gerges 308). Iraqi government decided to dump oil into the Persian Gulf in response to the American actions.
Iraqi actions aimed to prevent the landing of the American ships.
According to the Iraqi version of event American army became the reason of the spill.
Iraqi media spread information that Americans cussed the discharge in the oil tankers.
There are no exact numbers which would measure damage but different reserves state the spill was from 42 to 462 million gallons of oil.
The slick, which appeared as a result of this spill, reaches about 100 miles.Oil spill caused very serious damage in many countries situated in the Persian Gulf.Iraq and Kuwait had to fact the worst consequences of this spill.Armed conflicts in the Persian Gulf caused much damage and distraction.Animals of that region also suffered because of this war.The damaged caused to the animals from this area is also very big.Unfortunately, people who are in power very seldom take into account the impact their actions will have on the ecology of the region.In addition, it caused great damage to the sea turtles, marine animals.It also caused great harm to the migration birds, which passed through this region and this damage is hard to estimate.For the first time researches tried to make a systematic study of the impact of the war on animals.From the other side, this very war became the first war when military forces tried to defend animals from the effects of the war.