Even if they obtained the necessary documents, they often had to wait months or years before leaving.
Many families out of desperation sent their children first.
A Dutchman named Marinus van der Lubbe was arrested for the crime, and he swore he had acted alone.
Although many suspected the Nazis were ultimately responsible for the act, the Nazis managed to blame the Communists, thus turning more votes their way. On the next day, the government, under the pretense of controlling the Communists, abolished individual rights and protections: freedom of the press, assembly, and expression were nullified, as well as the right to privacy.
A major tool of the Nazis’ propaganda assault was the weekly Nazi newspaper also regularly featured cartoons of Jews in which they were caricatured as hooked-nosed and ape-like.
The influence of the newspaper was far-reaching: by 1938 about a half million copies were distributed weekly.
The Jews, the Nazis claimed, who were heavily represented in finance, commerce, the press, literature, theater, and the arts, had weakened Germany’s economy and culture.
The massive government-supported propaganda machine created a racial anti-Semitism, which was different from the longstanding anti-Semitic tradition of the Christian churches. The word Aryan, “derived from the study of linguistics, which started in the eighteenth century and at some point determined that the Indo-Germanic (also known as Aryan) languages were superior in their structures, variety, and vocabulary to the Semitic languages that had evolved in the Near East.
They formed the legal basis for the Jews’ exclusion from German society and the progressively restrictive Jewish policies of the Germans.
Many Jews attempted to flee Germany, and thousands succeeded by immigrating to such countries as Belgium, Czechoslovakia, England, France and Holland. Jews encountered stiff immigration quotas in most of the world’s countries.