What follows are some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay.
Note: On pages 65-66, the Publication Manual suggests that authors of research papers should use the past tense or present perfect tense for signal phrases that occur in the literature review and procedure descriptions (for example, Jones (1998) found or Jones (1998) has found...).
For example: When quoting an e Book like your Constellation textbook, your in-text citation needs to include the author’s last name, year, section number, and the paragraph number the quote is found in on the e Book page.
It should look like this: (Author, Year, Section #.#, para.
It is included at the end of your report, on the last page (or last few pages).
You will find it easier to prepare your final bibliography if you keep track of each book, encyclopedia, or article you use as you are reading and taking notes.If your web page does not include any author, include the article title within quotation marks ("").If there is no clear article title, include the web page title within quotation marks (“”).Place direct quotations that are 40 words or longer in a free-standing block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks.Start the quotation on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, i.e., in the same place you would begin a new paragraph.edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.For more information, please consult the Reference citations in text are covered on pages 169-179 of the Publication Manual.If you are quoting from a work, you will need to include the author’s last name, year of publication, and the page number (p.#) or paragraph number (para.#).Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.Contexts other than traditionally-structured research writing may permit the simple present tense (for example, Jones (1998) finds).When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation.