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These procedures became important parts of OD as developments in this field continued at the National Training Laboratories and in growing numbers of universities and private consulting-firms across the country degrees in OD include Benedictine University and the Fielding Graduate University.
This required a transfer between two different cultures, the relatively safe and protected environment of the T-group (or training group) and the give-and-take of the organizational environment with its traditional values.
This led the early pioneers in this type of learning to begin to apply it to "family groups" — that is, groups located within an organization.
Experts in systems thinking, in organizational learning, in the structure of intuition in decision-making, and in coaching (to name a few) whose perspective is not steeped in just the behavioral sciences, but in a much more multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary approach From Lewin came the ideas of group dynamics and action research which underpin the basic OD process as well as providing its collaborative consultant/client ethos.
Institutionally, Lewin founded the "Research Center for Group Dynamics" (RCGD) at MIT, which moved to Michigan after his death.
Laboratory training is learning from a person's "here and now" experience as a member of an ongoing training group.
Such groups usually meet without a specific agenda.Organization development as a practice involves an ongoing, systematic process of implementing effective organizational change.OD is both a field of applied science focused on understanding and managing organizational change and a field of scientific study and inquiry.RCGD colleagues were among those who founded the National Training Laboratories (NTL), from which the T-groups and group-based OD emerged.Kurt Lewin played a key role in the evolution of organization development as it is known today.A change agent in the sense used here is not a technical expert skilled in such functional areas as accounting, production, or finance.The change agent is a behavioral scientist who knows how to get people in an organization involved in solving their own problems.The members have an opportunity to learn something about themselves and to practice such skills as listening, observing others, and functioning as effective group members.He also founded the first doctoral program in organizational behavior at Case Western State University, and his colleague, Robert Blake, was also influential in making the term "organizational development" a more widely recognized field of psychological research.From this shift in the locale of the training site and the realization that culture was an important factor in influencing group members (along with some other According to organizational-development thinking, organization development provides managers with a vehicle for introducing change systematically by applying a broad selection of management techniques.This, in turn, leads to greater personal, group, and organizational effectiveness.