Paulo Freire The Banking Concept Of Education Essay

The ‘banking’ concept allows the students to become vessels of knowledge, not being able to learn at a creative pace.By using communism, seeing through how education is taught in the classroom, it is parallel to Freire’s ‘banking’ concept.To alleviate this “dehumanization” produced by the banking concept, Freire introduces what is deemed as “problem-posing education”.

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The banking concept is “ a gift bestowed by those who consider themselves knowledgeable upon those who they consider to know nothing'; (Freire 213).

The goal of the ‘banking’ concept is to deposit as much information into the students as possible.

The transmission model is most often used in university settings as lectures.

When there is a class of over 100 students the easiest method of education is through lecture where the teacher stands at the front of the class and dictates to the students.

If a teacher has a certain premeditated lesson, then there can be no true independence on behalf of the student, because both the banking and problem-posing concepts are anti-autonomous.

The “banking concept,” as termed by Freire, is essentially an act that hinders the intellectual growth of students by turning them into, figuratively speaking, comatose “receptors” and “collectors” of information that have no real connection to their lives.

What Freire means by this is that the banking concept imposes a schism between a person (teacher and/or student) and the “real world”, resulting in the evident demise of his or her true consciousness, since the former can only be realized through the relationships and connections the individual draws from the material to their life.

In this view, Freire claims that by assuming the roles of teachers as depositors and students as receptors, the banking concept thereby changes humans into objects.

We can see that both ideas are similar and both were harmful to the human mind.

While ‘banking’ poses the threat of creative growth and power, Marxism, which applies Marx’s ideas to learning in a communistic way, it creates the threat of never being able to learn.


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