The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language defines it as "the lowest stratum of the proletariat.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language defines it as "the lowest stratum of the proletariat.Tags: Thesis Of BeowulfProject Management Research Paper OutlineExecutive Summary For Term PaperProject Research ProposalDissertation Abstracts DatabaseUseful Essay Phrases ItalianCollege Papers On Bipolar DisorderThoreau'S Essay On The Duty Of Civil Disobedience.Example Of A Business Plan LayoutCompare And Contrast Essay On Their Eyes Were Watching God
It is recruited from various classes and is incapable of organized political struggle.
It constitutes, along with the petit bourgeois strata, the social basis of anarchism.
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) was one of the first to use lumpenproletariat in their rhetoric, particularly to indicate the scope of their view of a "desirable" working class and exclude the non-respectable poor.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, rioting and violence was often attributed by the SPD and its newspaper Vorwärts to the lumpenproletariat working in collusion with the secret police. Evans argued that the SPD, thus, lost touch with the "militancy of the classes which it claimed to represent, a militancy which found expression in frequent outbursts of spontaneous collective protest, both political and industrial, at moments of high social and political tension." For many German socialists in the imperial period the lumpenproletariat—especially prostitutes and pimps—was not only a "political-moral problem, but also an objective, biological danger to the health of society." Karl Kautsky argued in 1890 that it is the lumpenproletariat and not the "militant industrial proletariat" that mostly suffer from alcoholism.
The word is used in some languages as a pejorative.
In English it may be used in an informal disapproving manner to "describe people who are not clever or well educated, and who are not interested in changing or improving their situation."essentially parasitical group was largely the remains of older, obsolete stages of social development, and that it could not normally play a progressive role in history.He argued that the lumpenproletariat had a dual nature.Simultaneously, they were "victimized members of the laboring masses and untrustworthy elements with 'parasitic inclinations'", which made them waver between revolution and counterrevolution.Among other groups criminals, vagabonds, and sex workers are usually included in this category.The Social Democratic Party of Germany made wide use of the term by the turn of the century.In The Class Struggles he describes the finance aristocracy of Louis Philippe I and his July Monarchy (1830–48) as lumpenproletarian: "In the way it acquires wealth and enjoys it the financial aristocracy is nothing but the lumpenproletariat reborn at the pinnacle of bourgeois society." He further suggests that the lumpenproletariat is a component of the proletariat, unlike his earlier works.He claimed that the gardes mobiles were set up "to set one segment of the proletariat against the other": They belonged for the most part to the lumpenproletariat, which forms a mass clearly distinguished from the industrial proletariat in all large cities, a recruiting ground for thieves and criminals of all kinds, living on the refuse of society, people without a fixed line of work.In The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon Marx identified Napoleon III as the "Chief of the Lumpenproletariat," a claim he made repeatedly.He argued that he bought his supporters with "gifts and loans, these were the limits of the financial science of the lumpenproletariat, both the low and the exalted.Lenin and Trotsky followed Marx's arguments and dismissed its revolutionary potential, while Mao argued it can be utilized by a proper leadership.The term was popularized in the West by Frantz Fanon in the 1960s and has been adopted as a sociological term.