As these changes emerge they must be documented so that they accurately reflect what you were trying to accomplish in your research [not what you thought you might accomplish when you began].
Resist the urge to apologize If you've immersed yourself in studying the research problem, you presumably should know a good deal about it, perhaps even more than your professor!
Failure to match the objectives of your research Often research objectives in the social sciences change while the research is being carried out. Purdue University; Freedman, Leora and Jerry Plotnick.
This is not a problem unless you forget to go back and refine the original objectives in your introduction.
If you encountered negative or unintended results [i.e., findings that are validated outside the research context in which they were generated], you must report them in the results section and discuss their implications in the discussion section of your paper. Academic Center, the University of Houston-Victoria, 2003; Make Your Last Words Count. Don't surprise the reader with new information in your conclusion that was never referenced anywhere else in the paper.
In the conclusion, use your summary of the negative results as an opportunity to explain their possible significance and/or how they may form the basis for future research. If you have new information to present, add it to the discussion or other appropriate section of the paper.If you’ve already written a fabulous introductory paragraph, you can write something similar with different wording.The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper.Strategies for writing concisely can be found here.Failure to comment on larger, more significant issues In the introduction, your task was to move from the general [the field of study] to the specific [the research problem]. San Francisco Edit, 2003-2008; Writing Conclusions. Writing Tutorial Services, Center for Innovative Teaching and Learning. Avoid phrases like "in conclusion...," "in summary...," or "in closing...." These phrases can be useful, even welcome, in oral presentations.Being introspective means looking within yourself as an author to try and understand an issue more deeply, not to guess at possible outcomes or make up scenarios not supported by evidence.Although an effective conclusion needs to be clear and succinct, it does not need to be written passively or lack a compelling narrative.Do this by stating clearly the context, background, and necessity of pursuing the research problem you investigated in relation to an issue, controversy, or a gap found in the literature.Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary of the findings.Strategies to help you move beyond merely summarizing the key points of your research paper may include any of the following strategies: Failure to be concise Your conclusion section should be concise and to the point.Conclusions that are too lengthy often have unnecessary information in them.