The longest (seventy-three printed pages) and most colorful document in this collection is Doc. "General Emilio Kleber," real name Manfred Stern, was a Soviet Commissar sent by the Moscow Politburo.By timely action, the internationals he commanded helped save Madrid from Franco in November 1936, after Spanish Government leaders had left the capital.He was also known as "Grishin" and "Donizetti" and "Old Man." His real name, Peteris, is not listed in the index.
The longest (seventy-three printed pages) and most colorful document in this collection is Doc. "General Emilio Kleber," real name Manfred Stern, was a Soviet Commissar sent by the Moscow Politburo.By timely action, the internationals he commanded helped save Madrid from Franco in November 1936, after Spanish Government leaders had left the capital.He was also known as "Grishin" and "Donizetti" and "Old Man." His real name, Peteris, is not listed in the index.Tags: Real Business PlansEssay On Metacognitive SkillsGandhi Jayanti EssayWrite Dissertation HypothesisThesis On Software QualityPoem Interpretation Essays
Examining the notes, one can list about sixty books and articles, written mostly by Americans and British.
A notable exception is the Spanish edition of the memoirs of Francisco Largo Caballero, Prime Minister of the Spanish Republic September 1936 to May 1937.
is a recent addition to the continuing Yale series, "Annals of Communism," edited with the cooperation of Russian scholars in Moscow.
Professional historians concentrating on documents should consider postponing their reading of the lengthy (about 110 pages) introductory sections of until after they have read the eighty-one important Soviet documents in chronological order.
74.) The IB had 15,992 troops available on 31 March 1938 (Doc.73).
The 31,400 compares with about 16,500-18,000 Germans. The Legion Condor stationed about 4,500-5,000 at the fronts at any one time.Radosh's index is fairly good, but with more work a better product would have been produced. For example, the citations to GRU chief in Moscow Uritsky are incomplete. Historians interested in the Spanish Civil War have seven questions about the role of the Spanish Communist Party and the Soviet officials in Spain: (1) The growth of the membership of the Spanish Party at the expense of liberals, anarchists and socialists from July 1936 to sometime in mid 1938; (2) The division among the Spanish Socialists; (3) Whether the Spanish Republic ever became a satellite; (4) Why the Republic lost, (5) yet lasted as long as it did; (6) What the Spanish Communists thought about "revolution," as compared to socialist, anarchist, and Trotskyist conceptions of "revolution"; (7) What destroyed, as the war ground on, the morale of the Spanish left.Soviet agents in Spain in the Comintern, the GRU, and Foreign Ministry wrote some long dispatches.The review you are about to read comes to you courtesy of H-Net -- its reviewers, review editors, and publishing staff. Reviewed by Robert Whealey (Department of History, Ohio University) Published on H-Diplo (March, 2002) Soviet Intervention in the Spanish Civil War: Review Article [The Spanish language uses diacritical marks. Some words, therefore, are written incompletely in this review] This collection is actually two books wrapped in a single cover: a book of Soviet documents presumably chosen in Moscow by Grigory Sevostianov and mostly translated by Mary Habeck.If you appreciate this service, please consider donating to H-Net so we can continue to provide this service free of charge. Translate this review into New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001. Then the Soviet intervention in Spain is narrated and interpreted by the well-known American historian Ronald Radosh.(Doc 55.) From reading Radosh's inadequate table of contents, it is not easy to discover casually a coherent picture of what the Soviets knew and were saying during the civil war.Archival information tends to get buried in the footnotes and essays scattered throughout the book, and there is no bibliography.Mussolini dispatched about 74,300 men in Spain from August 1936 to the end of the war, with 48,000 in the "Volunteer Corps" (CTV) as of March 1937. About 6,000 Brigaders died (Doc.75) compared to 4,000 Italians, and 320 Germans.Man for man the German military was the most efficient foreign unit in Spain, and the Brigade members shed the most blood.There is ample room for others to mine the eighty-one documents for facts and to interpret them differently from Checa or from Radosh.One point clarified is the importance of the International Brigades (IB) in upholding a military balance of power.