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Essentially Orwell wanted to save Socialism from Communism.
The major theme of 'Animal Farm' is the betrayal of the Russian Revolution and the way that good will can fall prey to ambition, selfishness and hypocrisy. Gradually as the pigs gain more and more power they find it harder to resist temptation. Orwell's message is that any society which has leaders with absolute power is ultimately doomed to failure due to the inevitability of leaders manipulating power for their own personal benefit.
Orwell mocks the pretence that any such society could be regarded as being fair or equal - hence addition of the suffix "but some animals are more equal than others" to the original commandment "All animals are equal".
Animal Farm follows the events of the Russian Revolution quite closely with characters from the book representing real life people or groups.
The way that Orwell presents these real-life people in the book gives an insight into his political feelings. He preaches the Marxist Doctrine of Revolutionary Socialism and provides the basic beliefs which later become the Seven Commandments.
Animalism quickly becomes a means of breeding such a great fear of man into the animals so that they would become even more determined to work hard.
Orwell is attacking Stalin for betraying the revolution to suit his own ends.
Orwell hints at the shortcomings of Old Major's Marxist teachings in a number of subtle ways.
The supposition that all animals are "comrades" is undermined straight away by the fact that the dogs and cats openly show hostility to the rats, who "only by a swift dash for their holes" escape from the dogs with their lives.
Orwell once said that he wanted to "make political writing into an art".
What are the political messages he expresses in his books 'Nineteen Eighty-four', 'Animal Farm' and 'Homage to Catalonia'?